Table of contents:
- The router has two IP addresses: an internal and an external
- IP addresses: The difference between IPv4 and IPv6
- Open source vs. commercial software - what do you use?
Video: What Is An IP Address? - Easily Explained
2023 Author: Sheila Hailey | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 04:29
An IP address (I nternet P rocotol address) is the address of a device in the network or on the Internet. The router of a network assigns each Internet-enabled device its own IP address. The router knows from the IP address from which device a data request came. The router executes the instruction and then forwards the result back to the corresponding IP address from which the request originally came.
Example: Open website on smartphone
Your smartphone has the IP address 192.168.178.11 in your network. Now you want to open a website on it. The following happens:
- The request is sent to the router.
- The router remembers that the request came from the IP address 192.168.178.11.
- The router then sends the request to the website server on the Internet, which has, for example, the IP address 126.96.36.199.
- The server 188.8.131.52 transmits the necessary data back to your router.
- The router then forwards the data to the original sender of the request, i.e. the IP address 192.168.178.11.
- Result: The website is displayed on your smartphone.
Conclusion: digital postal system
The IP addresses therefore serve a digital postal system in which data is sent from a sender to the recipient and back. The network devices always know via the IP addresses to which device they have to forward incoming data.
Find out your own IP address in Windows 10
The router has two IP addresses: an internal and an external
Incidentally, your router itself even has two IP addresses: an internal IP address for your own home network and an external or public IP address for inquiries on the Internet. This is because the IP addresses on the Internet are limited under the IPv4 standard and IP addresses are also switched back and forth automatically, depending on which device needs one. The solution will later bring IPv6.
- Find out my internal and external IP address
- Change my internal IP address
- Find IP and locate owner
Based on our example:
In the example above, your router could have the internal IP address 192.168.178.10. Your internet provider gives your router a public IP address, e.g. 184.108.40.206.
- So if the request comes from your own home network, your smartphone sends it to the internal IP address 192.168.178.10 (your router).
- The router forwards the request under its external IP address 220.127.116.11 to the server 18.104.22.168.
- The server answers back to your router 22.214.171.124.
- Your router responds with its internal IP address 192.168.178.10 your smartphone 192.168.178.11.
Conclusion: multiple IP addresses
A separate IP address system applies on the Internet, since the IP addresses are scarce there and are often changed when necessary. In the home network, the router uses its own IP address system, which usually begins with "192.xxx". Incidentally, a PC can also have several internal IP addresses if it has installed several network cards.
IP addresses: The difference between IPv4 and IPv6
Although the Internet protocol IPv6 already exists, data traffic on the Internet still runs largely over IPv4. Here are the key differences, advantages, and disadvantages:
- IP addresses with IPv4 consist of up to 32 digits - example: 126.96.36.199
- This results in more than 4 billion possible IP addresses for all devices on the Internet (4,294,967,296).
- This is no longer enough these days, as more and more devices worldwide are Internet-enabled.
- For this reason, IPv4 addresses are redistributed on the Internet as needed, for example, when one device is switched off, another receives its IP address.
- IP addresses with IPv6 consist of up to 128 digits - example: 2001: 0db8: 85a3: 08d3:: 0370: 7344
- So with IPv6 there are 340 sextillion possible IP addresses (340,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000).
- This could give each Internet-enabled device its own, clearly identifiable IP address.
- However, this would also limit privacy, because now every device can be clearly identified anytime and anywhere.
Conclusion: More anonymity with IPv4
In principle, anyone who uses IPv4 surfs significantly more anonymously, since the IP addresses cannot be traced back so clearly if the Internet provider has given you a different external IP address in the meantime.
Open source vs. commercial software - what do you use?
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